A dark matter
A Dark Matter has always been around and we have all heard about it but the question many scientists and enthusiasts ask is whether there really is something out there that can make the laws of science fall apart. It’s not really that hard to answer because in principle it is very easy. We humans are constantly bumping into things, falling objects, flying objects, and other irregular motions which cause the laws of physics to be in a state of flux. So it stands to reason that the more frequently these fluctuations occur then the stronger the force that propels the universe is.
Dark matter is usually five times more common than ordinary matter. It shows up periodically in movies, frequently when an experiment has detected a potential sign of it by noticing a slight shift in gravity. However, even if these particles seem to exist, they are usually still just waiting for a Nobel-prize triggering moment when researchers know for sure that they have indeed found it. This is because dark matter particles don’t fall into a vacuum like the ordinary particles do, and their interaction with other matter requires energy.
So it stands to reason that dark matter must have a lot of energy associated with it, much more than the ordinary matter we know about. So how does this energy come about? The dark matter particle itself is a very simple system, as its name suggests. When you take elementary particles and rub them together, you get a gooey substance that becomes a crystal. However this kind of fluid isn’t like water or oil, and it has no molecules. It would have to be made from something more complete than these have the right properties.
In the early days of the universe, dark matter was thought to be made up of very small atoms, however as the years went by, more astronomers have discovered that there are not just one but billions of invisible matter particles in our entire universe. They make up 70% of the entire visible matter of our galaxy alone. Interestingly the galaxies are not evenly distributed, and clusters of galaxies appear to be separate from regions which do not belong to a cluster. This means that our entire visible Universe consists of dark matter, and that there could be many more hidden dark matter particles than there are visible matter particles.
So it is believed that dark matter came about due to the growth of larger stars, which in turn resulted in accretion of more matter from the disk of the Milky Way, until it became a spiral structure. This theory also explains why there are not as many dwarf galaxies as you see nearby, because they got their start by getting pulled into the bigger bang. This also explains why there are not as many spiral arms as you see surrounding black holes, because they were pulled in by their massive gravity at first, before they spiraled away into nothingness. In fact, this very theory is what brought scientists’ attention to the moon and the outer planets.
Since gravity is conserved between distant objects, all that dark matter might have been pulled far away into space and could be very heavy. It would need to be extremely dense to account for the large amount of matter which is in the visible Universe. If scientists are right, and the dark matter does play a significant role in the overall structure of the cosmos, then we might have to rethink the relationship between the Earth, the Sun and gravity, since they are all working together in an intricate balance. Perhaps we should all pay more attention to the science of astronomy and leave the religious fundamentalism for the stars!